The correct answer is coercive measure.
D. coercive measure
The correct answer is (D) Coercive measure; law or decree that penalizes for violation or failure to comply to stipulated conduct or action; something that gives force to a rule of conduct, oath, etc., or supports an action or condition. Also, confirmation or ratification of a law etc. by a supreme authority. In addition, express permission or encouragement by an authority to action.
Sanction comes from Latin sanctio, sancire (make sacred)
Examples of use:
- Heavy sanctions were imposed upon Iraq while Sadam Hussein was ruler.
- Similarly, Bosnia had also been subject to United Nations sanctions